China . Navy Headquarters, which controlled the three fleet commands, was subordinate to the PLA General Staff Department.  It is based on the Soviet APS. Also known as the coastal defense troops, they serve to defend China's coastal and littoral areas from invasion via amphibious landings or air attacks. In 1987, China's 1,500 km coastline was protected by approximately 70 diesel-powered Romeo- and Whiskey-class submarines, which could remain at sea only a limited time. The People's Liberation Army Navy is composed of five branches; the Submarine Force, the Surface Force, the Coastal Defense Force, the Marine Corps and the Naval Air Force. As China grows in its economic and military strength, foreign investors and companies operating in the country face a "true dilemma," says Jonathan Ward from advisory firm Atlas Organization. May 27, 2020 20:37 IST. Predicting China's potential naval strength beyond 2030 is impossible, but the country could well seek to challenge the United States' maritime dominance even farther out in the Pacific Ocean. This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel.It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government.  A Chinese Jiangwei II class frigate and a Japanese destroyer were three kilometers apart, and the crew of the latter vessel went to battle stations. Despite the evacuations the Chinese embassy in Yemen continued to operate..  By 2009, with the advancements in naval technology, the PLAN was recognized to have reached the status of a green-water navy. The Senkaku Islands dispute concerns a territorial dispute over a group of uninhabited islands known as the Diaoyu Islands in China, the Senkaku Islands in Japan, and Tiaoyutai Islands in Taiwan. In shipbuilding the Soviets first assisted the Chinese, then the Chinese copied Soviet designs without assistance, and finally the Chinese produced vessels of their own design. What is China’s military strength? The Chinese Coast Guard was previously not under an independent command, considered part of the People's Armed Police, under the local (provincial) border defense command, prior to its reorganization and consolidation as an unified service. The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. One of the more headline-grabbing takeaways of the 2016 Defense Department report on Chinese military strength involves the size of the Chinese air … In addition, these services operated their own small aviation fleets to assist their maritime patrol capabilities, with Customs and CMS operating a handful of Harbin Z-9 helicopters, and a maritime patrol aircraft based on the Harbin Y-12 STOL transport. It consists of around 12,000 marines organised into two 6000-man brigades, and is based in the South China Sea with the South Sea Fleet. In May 2013, the Chinese navy's three operational fleets deployed together for the first time since 2010. By … All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. During 2001–2006 there has been a rapid building and acquisition program, a trend which continued There were more than a dozen new classes of ships built in these last five years, totaling some 60 brand new ships (including landing ships and auxiliaries). Although it paid lip service to Mao and assigned political commissars aboard ships, the Navy continued to train, build, and maintain the fleets as well the coastal defense and aviation arms, as well as in the performance of its mission. Next indigenous Type 002 class aircraft carrier to be a 70,000 ton displacement. The Chinese navy now controls the seas off its coast.  Predictions by Western analysts that the PLAN would outnumber the USN submarine force as early as 2011 have failed to come true because the PRC curtailed both imports and domestic production of submarines.. During the Landing Operation on Hainan Island, the communists used wooden junks fitted with mountain guns as both transport and warships against the ROCN. After the Sino-Soviet split and the abandonment of KMT's plans to recapture the Mainland, the Coastal Defense Force was focused on defending China's coast from a possible Soviet sea-borne invasion throughout the 1960s to 1980s. The current system of officer ranks and insignia dates from 1988 and is a revision of the ranks and insignia used from 1955 to 1965.  On 13 January 2009, Adm. Robert F. Willard, head of the U.S. Pacific Command, called the PLAN's modernization "aggressive," and that it raised concerns in the region. China is investing heavily in its navy and has made a point of executing huge military drills to signify its determination to advance its national interests. Global powers ranked by potential military strength.  According to a spokesperson for the Indian Navy, since there were no Chinese ships or aircraft were visible, the INS Airavat proceeded on her onward journey as scheduled. , On some occasions, ships and planes from various Mainland Chinese and Taiwanese government and military agencies have entered the disputed area. In 1987 the Navy consisted (as it does now) of the naval headquarters in Beijing; three fleet commands – the North Sea Fleet, based at Qingdao, Shandong; the East Sea Fleet, based at Ningbo; and the South Sea Fleet, based at Zhanjiang, Guangdong – and about 1,000 ships of which only approximately 350 are ocean going. In June, the Chinese navy conducted three days of exercises, including live fire drills, in the disputed waters. The Chinese People's Liberation Army is the defence service force of China. Assert or defend China's claims in maritime territorial disputes and China's interpretation of international laws relating to freedom of navigation in exclusive economic zones (an interpretation at odds with the U.S. interpretation); Protect China's sea lines of communications to the Persian Gulf, on which China relies for some of its energy imports. In September 2015, satellite images showed that China may have started constructing its first indigenous Type 002 aircraft carrier. The Chinese government has built a navy and armed forces designed to protect the country and exert its influence in the surrounding region, especially the East and South China seas. By 2030, China’s Navy will have over 530 ships while the US might have 300-330 ships. On the high end, there would be modern destroyers equipped with long-range air defense missiles (Type 052B, Type 052C, Type 052D, Type 051C and Type 055); destroyers armed with supersonic anti-ship missiles (Sovremenny class); advanced nuclear-powered attack and ballistic missile submarines (Type 093, Type 095, Type 094, Type 096); advanced conventional attack submarines (Kilo and Yuan classes); aircraft carriers (Type 001, Type 002 and Type 003) and large amphibious warfare vessels (Type 071 and Type 075) capable of mobilizing troops at long distances. As of 2018, the Chinese navy operates over 496 combat ships and 232 various auxiliary vessels and counts 255,000 seamen in its ranks. The US will increase ships only if they lengthen the lives of older ships and get some additional budget for new shipbuilding and for more naval personnel. China is continually shifting the power balance in Asia by building up Navy's Submarines, Amphibious warfare and surface warfare capabilities. President Xi Jinping (who also heads China’s Central Military Commission) has instituted extensive military reforms aimed at streamlining command structures and improving Chinese military strength. The Chinese Navy also employ more than 710 naval aircraft including fighters, bombers and electronic warfare aircraft. The PRC is the last of the permanent members of the United Nations Security Council which has not conducted an operational ballistic missile submarine patrol, because of institutional problems. Advancements in new technologies, weaponry and aircraft acquisition were made after 2000. In 2016, China established her first overseas naval base in Djibouti, which provided necessary support for Chinese fleet and troops.  China has reportedly[by whom?] At the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the PLAN, 52 to 56 vessels were shown in manoeuvres off Qingdao in April 2009 including previously unseen nuclear submarines.  It operates a fleet of 68 submarines. May 27, 2020 20:37 IST. The navy also had some success in developing a variety of surface-to-surface and air-to-surface missiles, improving basic capabilities.. The rank of Hai Jun Yi Ji Shang Jiang (First Class Admiral) was never held and was abolished in 1994.  Aside from a 1945 to 1972 period of administration by the United States, the archipelago has been controlled by Japan since 1895. A Chinese website stated that the PLAN is going to build a 110,000 ton Type 003 aircraft carrier, essentially a larger version of the Liaoning and its pattern indigenous carriers. By Ashish Shukla . The PLAN traces its lineage to naval units fighting during the Chinese Civil War and was established on 23 April 1949. The conventional submarine force increased from 35 to 100 boats, the number of missile-carrying ships grew from 20 to 200, and the production of larger surface ships, including support ships for oceangoing operations, increased. 18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military … China is in the third position while India stands fourth out of 138 countries in the 2020 Global Firepower military strength rankings. Having traditionally been subordinated to the PLA Ground Force, PLAN leaders were able to advocate for a renewed attention towards the seas. China has large amount of artillery, torpedoes, and missiles included in their combat assets. With the rise of China’s military strength, US strategists are working hard to predict how a war would play out. This was widely seen as a warning to Vietnam, which had also conducted live fire drills near the Spratly Islands. India vs China: Military strength comparison As the tensions between the world's two largest standing Army have increased, let us compare the military strength of India and China.  The 60,000 ton ship can accommodate 33 fixed wing aircraft. By Ashish Shukla . They are organised into flotillas spread across the three main fleets. The People's Liberation Army Navy is divided into three fleets:. The PLAN Coastal Defence Force is a land-based branch of the PLAN in charge of coastal defence, with a strength of around 25,000 personnel. :23–30 Between 1989 and 1993, the training ship Zhenghe paid ports visits to Hawaii, Thailand, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and India. The navy was established on 23 April 1949 by consolidating regional naval forces under Joint Staff Department command in Jiangyan (now in Taizhou, Jiangsu). Though China’s finance ministry declared its official military budget in 2019 as $177 billion, analysts report the actual figure to be between $261-266 billion.. List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships is a list of ships currently in … In RIMPAC 2014, China was invited to send ships from their People's Liberation Army Navy; marking not only the first time China participated in a RIMPAC exercise, but also the first time China participated in a large-scale United States-led naval drill. Chinese Navy also operate wide range of helicopter for battlefield logistics, reconnaissance, patrol and medical evacuation. Predicting China's potential naval strength beyond 2030 is impossible, but the country could well seek to challenge the United States' maritime dominance even farther out in the Pacific Ocean. According to the South China Morning Post, China plans to … The PLA naval vessels participated in naval exercises with the French frigates Nivôse and Prairial, as well as exercises with the Peruvian Navy. Jamie Seidel. On 22 July 2011, following its Vietnam port-call, the Indian amphibious assault vessel Airavat was reportedly contacted 45 nautical miles from the Vietnamese coast in the disputed South China Sea by a party identifying itself as the Chinese Navy and stating that the Indian warship was entering Chinese waters. The marines are equipped with the standard Type 95 assault rifles as well as other small arms and personnel equipment, and a blue/littoral camouflage uniform as standard. It operates similar hardwares to the People's Liberation Army Air Force, including fighter aircraft, bombers, attack aircraft, tankers, reconnaissance/early warning aircraft, electronic warfare aircraft, maritime patrol aircraft, transport aircraft and helicopters of various roles.  Throughout the 1950s and early 1960s, the Soviet Union provided assistance to the PLAN in the form of naval advisers and export of equipment and technology.  The Naval Academy was set up at Dalian on 22 November 1949, mostly with Soviet instructors. Close. The PLAN Marine Corps was originally established in the 1950s and then re-established in 1979 under PLAN organisation. The term "country" is used in its most common use, in the sense of state which exercises sovereignty or has limited recognition Defence expenditure and personnel. Main operating forces are organized into fleets, each with its own headquarters, a commander (a Rear Admiral or Vice Admiral) and a Political Commisar. PLAN vessels visited Vladivostok in 1993, 1994, 1995, and 1996. , In June 2017 China launched a new type of large destroyer, the Type 055 destroyer. And it doesn’t look good. Three American aircraft carriers are patrolling Indo-Pacific waters in an unusual naval buildup as tensions rise between the U.S. and China. , China employs a wide range of Navy combatants including aircraft carriers, amphibious warfare ships and destroyers. The Navy also began development of nuclear attack submarines (SSN) and nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBN). This is made evident by the construction of a new type of nuclear ballistic missile submarine, the Type 094 and the Type 093 nuclear attack submarine. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. China leads in artificial intelligence. Since 2006 GlobalFirepower (GFP) has provided a unique analytical display of data concerning 138 modern military powers.The GFP ranking is based on each nation's potential war-making capability across land, sea, and air fought by conventional means.The results incorporate values related to manpower, equipment, natural resources, finances, and geography represented by 50+ individual … Examples of the expansion of China's capabilities were the 1980 recovery of an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) in the Western Pacific by a twenty-ship fleet, extended naval operations in the South China Sea in 1984 and 1985, and the visit of two naval ships to three South Asian nations in 1985. In the lead-up to the Libyan Civil War, the Xuzhou (530) was deployed from anti-piracy operations in the Gulf of Aden to help evacuate Chinese nationals from Libya. The majority of non-Chinese evacuees were 176 Pakistani citizens, although there were smaller numbers from other countries, such as Ethiopia, Singapore, the UK, Italy and Germany. How the superweapon China may be building works", "Is China Getting Ready to Test a Railgun? Although they matter, the following matters more. Until then, they will serve principally on the low end, as multi-role patrol/escort platforms. maritime warfare branch of China's military, "Chinese Navy" redirects here. Territorial disputes among Japan, Taiwan and China concerning the Senkaku Islands, "Japan Will Have Busy Year Defending Islands Against China", "Chinese ships near disputed islands: Japan", "Japan Protests Chinese Ship's Alleged Use of Radar to Guide Missiles", "Japan Accuses China of Using Weapons Radar on Ship", "China refutes Japan's allegations on radar targeting", "China Denies Directing Radar at Japanese Naval Vessel and Copter", "PLA Navy's three fleets meet in South China Sea for rare show of force", South Asia Analysis Group whitepaper, 2 September 2011, "Somalia Pirates: China Deploys Navy To Gulf of Aden Following Hijack Attempt | World News | Sky News", "Chinese navy frigate crosses Suez Canal for Libya evacuation", "High-speed production: Chinese navy built 83 ships in just eight years", "QBS-06 underwater assault rifle (PR China)", "What is a hypersonic railgun?  The demonstration was seen as a sign of the growing status of China, while the CMC Chairman, Hu Jintao, indicated that China is neither seeking regional hegemony nor entering an arms race. Where China can deploy around 3,300 naval missiles and Japan around 1,600, the United States can deploy 10,000. Through the upheavals of the late 1950s and 1960s the Navy remained relatively undisturbed. Between the 1950s and 1960s, the Coastal Defense Force was primarily assigned to repel any Kuomintang attempts to infiltrate, invade and harass the Chinese coastline. Modernization efforts also encompassed higher educational and technical standards for personnel; reformulation of the traditional coastal defense doctrine and force structure in favor of more green-water operations; and training in naval combined-arms operations involving submarine, surface, naval aviation, and coastal defense forces. Although they matter, the following matters more.  With a personnel strength of 240,000 personnel, including 15,000 marines and 26,000 naval air force personnel, it is the second largest navy in the world in terms of tonnage, only behind the United States Navy, and has the largest number of major combatants of any navy. 2. The People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force (PLANAF) is the naval aviation branch of the PLAN and has a strength of around 25,000 personnel and 690 aircraft. 14 vessels participated in the maneuvers, staging antisubmarine and beach landing drills aimed at "defending atolls and protecting sea lanes.".  Inside this protective ring and within range of shore-based aircraft were destroyers and frigates mounting Styx anti-ship missiles, depth-charge projectors, and guns up to 130 mm. Navy Fleet Strengths (2020) tracks naval surface and underwater elements for each national power taken into consideration for the annual GFP ranking. With Soviet assistance, the navy reorganized in 1954 and 1955 into the North Sea Fleet, East Sea Fleet, and South Sea Fleet, and a corps of admirals and other naval officers was established from the ranks of the ground forces. List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships is a list of ships currently in … In an eight-month period in 2012, over forty maritime incursions and 160 aerial incursions occurred. On 18 December 2008, Chinese authorities deployed People's Liberation Army Navy vessels to escort Chinese shipping in the Gulf of Aden. Since this operation PLAN has sought the leadership of the ‘Shared Awareness and Deconfliction (SHADE)' body, which would require an increase in the number of ships contributing to the anti-piracy fleet. Seventh Fleet. For the decade to come, however, the country's navy is set to go from strength to strength. Eventually Soviet assistance progressed to the point that a joint Sino-Soviet Pacific Ocean fleet was under discussion. Structure", China's first aircraft carrier enters service, "China's Arrival: A Strategic Framework for a Global Relationship, page 50", "Secret Sanya – China's new nuclear naval base revealed – Jane's Security News", "Chinese Build Secret Nuclear Submarine Base", "China's 'aggressive' buildup called worry", "US Reaffirms Its Rights to Operate in South China Sea", "CRS RL33153 China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities–Background and Issues for Congress", "MAKING WAVES: DEBATES BEHIND CHINA'S FIRST AIRCRAFT CARRIER", "China Launches Carrier, but Experts Doubt Its Worth", "China may be building first indigenous carrier - IHS Jane's 360", "China sea power concerns new Japan foreign minister " Japan Today: Japan News and Discussion", "China's newest destroyer seen as challenge to Asia rivals", Secrets of the Sino-Vietnamese skirmish in the South China Sea, "China fired at Filipino fishermen in Jackson atoll", "Inside the Ring: China warship grounded", "Chinese naval maneuvers seen as warning to Vietnam", "Japanese party urges Google to drop Chinese name for disputed islands", "SENATE ENDORSES OKINAWA TREATY – Votes 84 to 6 for Island's Return to Japan – Rioters There Kill a Policeman Senate, in 84 to 6 Vote, Approves the Treaty Returning Okinawa to Japan – Front Page", Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea. 18-24 years of age for selective compulsory military service, with a 2-year service obligation; no minimum age for voluntary service (all officers are volunteers); 18-19 years of age for women high school graduates who meet requirements for specific military jobs; a recent military … The People's Liberation Army Navy (Chinese: 中国人民解放军海军, Pinyin: Zhōngguó rénmín jiěfàngjūn hǎijūn), also known as the Chinese Navy, PLA Navy or PLAN, is the naval warfare branch of the People's Liberation Army, the armed wing of the Communist Party of China and, by default, the national armed forces of China. To date, Joint Sea 2013 was the largest naval drills yet undertaken by the People's Liberation Army Navy with a foreign navy. In early February 2018, pictures of what is claimed to be a Chinese railgun were published online. China’s Navy now outnumbers the US Navy by 300 ships to 287 ship. In the late 1980s, major deficiencies reportedly remained in antisubmarine warfare, mine warfare, naval electronics (including electronic countermeasures equipment), and naval aviation capabilities. Total navy and submarine strength by global power. The Chinese Navy is undergoing modernization rapidly with nearly half of Chinese Navy combat ships are modern and built after 2010. It may take a decade for the bulk of these older ships to be retired. The operation was described by Reuters as "the first time that China's military has helped other countries evacuate their people during an international crisis". The flotilla was under the command of Vice Admiral Wang Yongguo, the commander-in-chief of the South Sea Fleet. In the 1980s, under the leadership of Chief Naval Commander Liu Huaqing, the navy developed into a regional naval power, though naval construction continued at a level somewhat below the 1970s rate. A new report from the U.S. Department of Defense claims the Chinese Navy, known officially as the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN), … While China has only a single operational aircraft carrier, the U.S. military has 11. Other recent PLAN incidents include the 2001 Hainan Island incident, a major submarine accident in 2003, and naval incidents involving the U.S. MSC-operated ocean surveillance ships Victorious and Impeccable during 2009. 1 The fleet sizes of other leading nations are comparatively smaller. The PLA Navy was ranked in 1987 as the third largest navy in the world, although naval personnel had comprised only 12 percent of PLA strength.  Taiwan also has claimed these islands. The potential threat from the DF-21D against U.S. aircraft carriers has reportedly caused major changes in U.S. In February, Japanese Defense Minister Itsunori Onodera claimed that a Chinese frigate had locked weapons-targeting radar onto a Japanese destroyer and helicopter on two occasions in January. Numbers , weight, budget are propaganda to confuse our minds while US are having a hard time fielding new ships. Since then more than 30 People's Liberation Army Navy ships has deployed to the Gulf of Aden in 18 Escort Task Groups.  According to Qian the important issue was not whether China had an aircraft carrier, but what it did with it. A team of 16 Chinese Special Forces members from its Marine Corps armed with attack helicopters were on board.  In May, a flotilla of Chinese warships from its North Sea Fleet deployed from Qingdao for training exercises western North Pacific Ocean. As China grows in its economic and military strength, foreign investors and companies operating in the country face a "true dilemma," says Jonathan Ward from advisory firm … Bi-lateral naval exercises were also carried out with exercises with the French, British, Australian, Canadian, Philippine, and United States navies. The disputed territory is close to key shipping lanes and rich fishing grounds, and it may have major oil reserves in the area. Fights seldom involve the whole navy. Nevertheless, the number of deployed bombs is unknown. China operates carrier-based fighter aircraft to secure land, air and sea targets. :114 In March 1997, the Luhu-class guided missile destroyer Harbin, the Luda-class guided missile destroyer Zhuhai, and the replenishment oiler Nancang began the PLA Navy's first circumnavigation of the Pacific Ocean, a 98-day voyage with port visits to Mexico, Peru, Chile, and the United States, including Pearl Harbor and San Diego. Strike early, strike hard. For 2020, India is ranked 4 of 138 out of the countries considered for the annual GFP review.It holds a PwrIndx* rating of 0.0953 (0.0000 considered 'perfect'). Every coastal province has 1 to 3 Coast Guard squadrons: The ranks in the People's Liberation Army Navy are similar to those of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force. All PLAN headquarters are subordinate to the PLA Joint Staff Department and the Chairman of the Central Military Commission. Recent studies from the Belfer Center at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government in Boston and the Center for a New American Security in Washington suggest India maintains an … Jamie Seidel. The mighty Indian military is one of the top five powers in the world - though growing civilian unrest is shifting the focus within. This combined naval maneuvers in the South China Sea coincided with the ongoing Spratly Islands dispute between China and the Philippines as well as deployment of the U.S. Navy's Carrier Strike Group Eleven to the U.S. :115 In 2003, the PLAN conducted its first joint naval exercises during separate visits to Pakistan and India. In December 2007 the first Type 094 submarine was moved to Sanya.  On 9 June 2014, China confirmed it would be sending four ships to the exercise, a destroyer, frigate, supply ship, & hospital ship. With the fall of the Soviet Union, the threat of an amphibious invasion of China has diminished and therefore the branch is often considered to no longer be a vital component of the PLAN, especially as the surface warships of the PLAN continue to improve in terms of anti-ship and air-defence capabilities and the PLAN's power projection begins to extend beyond the first island chain. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). The collective tonnage of the ships launched by China between 2014-2018 was an impressive 678,000 tons – larger than the aggregate tonnages of the navies of France and Spain combined. In an otherwise excellent recent article about China’s military rise, the New York Times dramatized the fact that the Chinese navy now possesses …  On 15 July 2009, Senator Jim Webb of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee declared that only the "United States has both the stature and the national power to confront the obvious imbalance of power that China brings" to situations such as the claims to the Spratly and Paracel islands. In a show of strength intended for China, three American aircraft carriers are patrolling the Indo-Pacific waters. Continue Scrolling to See Additional Entries. This is a list of countries by number of military and paramilitary personnel.It includes any government-sponsored soldiers used to further the domestic and foreign policies of their respective government. India supports freedom of navigation in international waters, including in the South China Sea, and the right of passage in accordance with accepted principles of international law. The European Union has provided much of the propulsion technology for the PLAN's modernization.. Behind the inner ring were Coastal Defense Force personnel operating naval shore batteries of Styx missiles and guns, backed by ground force units deployed in depth. The list below is made up of all warship types including aircraft carriers, submarines, helicopter carriers, corvettes, frigates, coastal types, amphibious assault/support vessels, and auxiliaries. PLAN task groups also paid visits to Indonesia in 1995; North Korea in 1997; New Zealand, Australia, and the Philippines in 1998; Malaysia, Tanzania, South Africa, the United States, and Canada in 2000; and India, Pakistan, France, Italy, Germany, Britain, Hong Kong, Australia, and New Zealand in 2001.  The marines are also equipped with amphibious armoured fighting vehicles (including amphibious light tanks such as the Type 63, assault vehicles such as the ZTD-05 and IFVs such as ZBD-05), helicopters, naval artillery, anti-aircraft weapon systems and short range surface-to-air missiles.  The People's Republic of China disputed the proposed U.S. handover of authority to Japan in 1971 and has asserted its claims to the islands since that time. According to the Western news media the base is reportedly to help China project seapower well into the Pacific Ocean area, including challenging United States naval power. , when approximately 20 percent of the late 1950s and then re-established in 1979 under PLAN organisation [ ]. Provided necessary support for Chinese fleet and troops placed on technology and qualitative improvement much larger and more powerful about... Except Brunei occupy some of the many ships of Japan, India, and Russia about 100 China. 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