The January 2019 report by the Lancet Commission on Obesity, for example, set out the synergies to be found in addressing climate change in conjunction with overnutrition and undernutrition. Registered charity number 1076981. Women with obesity are at particular risk of discrimination at work and face more complications in pregnancy. On every SDG … Governments have a range of policy options to choose from to improve access to healthy and affordable diets, from “hard” policies, such as bans and regulations, to “soft” policies, that entail lower degrees of intervention in people’s lives, such as the provision of information. Literacy throughout life (target 4.6) includes health literacy for all ages, which is essential for reducing exposure to risk factors for obesity (such as understanding nutrition guidance and labelling), for raising awareness of treatment options – and for following sustainable lifestyles (specifically mentioned in target 4.7). In 2018, 49 million children under 5 years of age—7.3 per cent of the global under-5 population—suffered from acute undernutrition, or wasting (low weight for height), a condition generally caused by limited nutrient intake and infection. This is the official website of the United Nations providing information on the development and implementation of an indicator framework for the follow up and review of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Our entries on famines, food per person, and diet compositions also tie closely to these topics. A lack of access to clean drinking water (target 6.1) may mean that in some areas the safest option is bottled drinks, including sugary beverages – as highlighted in Mexico by a recent New York Times article. … The number of people going hungry has increased since 2014—a worrisome trend. (SDGs 13 and 2) with associated impacts on human health. Over half of children with wasting live in Southern Asia. SDG 3 - among other things - aims to ensure health and well-being for all at all ages. Weather-induced shocks, civil insecurity and declining food production have all contributed to high food prices in at least two dozen countries worldwide. have higher rates of obesity and overweight. Understand the value of food in poverty that may affect body size Themes and SDGs: Nutrition and Disease SDG 2: En d hunger, ach i ev e f oo d secur i t y an d i m prove d nutr i t i o n an d pro m ot e susta i nab le agr i cu l tur e 2.1 End hunger and ensure access SDG … Department of Economic and Social Affairs, SDG Monitoring and Reporting Toolkit for UN Country Teams, United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). You can find many more visuals and statistics on hunger and undernourishment, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity at the Our World in Data entries on these topics. [1] Some countries acknowledge obesity as intrinsic to the SDGs by reporting on it in Voluntary National Reviews of SDG progress e.g. Other relevant targets are target 2.4 to ensure sustainable food production systems by 2030 (there are strong links here between climate change and health – see Box), and target 2.b, to ‘correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets’ (which could be used to leverage the removal of subsidies on unhealthy commodities). Underlying SDG 2 is a deep concern about the projected increase in the global population of consumers (Figure 1). Check them out here! Hunger poses severe risks to their health, and the health of their children. However, government spending on agriculture in relation to its contribution to the economy fell between 2001 and 2017. We have developed five key areas of policy that are a priority to us. This feature layer represents Sustainable Development Goal indicator 2.2.2 'Obesity Rate as a Percentage of the Population by Region and BMI' for Ireland. Indicator. Achieving healthy diets and ensuring agricultural systems remain productive and sustainable are the key challenges associated with SDG 2 in the EU. The World Obesity Federation projects that, if progress is left unchecked, the number of people with obesity could soar to 850 million by 2025, increasing the number of NCD-related deaths and putting SDG 3.4 beyond reach five years before the 2030 deadline. In South America, the situation also appears to be worsening. Target 15.2 calls for a rapid halt to deforestation – and a major driver of the razing of forests is nutrition-related: the creation of farmland for palm oil and livestock. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted at the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2015, recognises noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) as a major challenge for sustainable development. The SDG 2 (‘End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture’) is the only SDG that clearly mentions the concept of ‘nutrition’. You cand find all that and more here. It is noted that obesity, neglected in earlier development goals and overlooked by global … According to the report, every dollar invested in preventing obesity would generate an economic return of up to six dollars. Enter the terms you wish to search for. To maximise prevention and management interventions, cross-sector collaboration with engagement from a wide range of partners – government, the private sector and civil society – is required. Equity demands that these risks be appropriately addressed. And over one-quarter of the world’s population, or 2 billion people in all, experienced moderate or severe food insecurity, according to the The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World report for 2019.. On the other end of the spectrum, obesity … SDG 2: End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture. However, obesity does not yet feature in VNRs as a matter of course: this should be encouraged! The global neonatal mortality rate has … Equally important is enabling them to manage their natural resources sustainably; adapt to climate change; and overcome barriers in accessing markets, financial services, information and knowledge. Climate change is – like obesity itself – a thread running throughout other SDGs, and there are targets (such as sustainable agriculture) that will have co-benefits for climate change and obesity. COVID-19 dashboard in the WHO African Region. Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region with the highest prevalence of hunger, with the rate increasing from 20.7 per cent in 2014 to 23.2 per cent in 2017. To diagnose obesity, your doctor will typically perform a physical exam and recommend some tests.These exams and tests generally include: 1. More intensive efforts are needed to meet the target of bringing the number of stunted children down to 100 million by 2025 and 83 million by 2030. The education of girls is particularly important, as in many cultures they will be primarily responsible for the health of their children and act as the food gatekeepers for the family. Obesity is both an NCD in its own right and a fundamental driver of many others (e.g. The share of small-scale producers among all food producers in countries with data in Africa, Asia and Latin America ranges from 40 per cent to 85 per cent, compared to less than 10 per cent in Europe. Physical activity and active travel is safer and a more attractive option where air pollution is low and recent research indicates that higher exposure to early life near-road air pollution contributes to increased obesity risk in children. Site by Optima  |  Recruitment  |  Sitemap  |  Privacy Policy  |  Terms of use  |  Cookie Preferences, BLOG | Obesity and the SDGs: an opportunity hidden in plain sight, Full and Associate Membership Application, Childhood Obesity: From Diagnosis to Treatment, social, economic and environmental development, 1.8% of development assistance for health is allocated to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), responsible for more deaths than underweight, EAT-Lancet Commission on Food, Planet, Health. Ireland includes obesity under SDG2 reporting and Turkey under SDG3. Food security is more than simply having access to food. Tackling obesity is a prerequisite for the long-term health of people and planet. Chronic undernutrition or stunting—defined as inadequate height for age—puts children at an increased risk of dying from common infections. Learn More at SDG.UN.ORG By 2030, end hunger … SDG 2 has eight targets and 14 indicators to measure progress. Displaying Ratings. Developing countries are ill equipped to cope with the growing obesity and NCD crisis – a step-change in funding and innovation is needed to strengthen health systems. Download a printable summary pdf, 439kb; Global nutrition targets Target 1: 40% reduction in the number of children under-5 who are stunted. From 2015 to 2017, the average AOI was highest in Northern Africa and Western Asia (0.42) and lowest in sub-Saharan Africa (0.20). This blog highlights seven areas of synergy between obesity and the SDGs; the 13 relevant Goals and accompanying targets are mapped out in Figure 1. SDG 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries. Countries with dietary patterns that are higher in meat have been found to have higher rates of obesity and overweight. The double burden of malnutrition and obesity was stressed, especially among children, as public health problems that require comprehensive interventions. Hunger poses severe risks to their health, and the health of their children. History . Preadipocytes from obese humans with type 2 diabetes are epigenetically reprogrammed at genes controlling adipose tissue function. In the SDG on zero hunger (SDG 2), target 2.2 calls for ending all forms of malnutrition by 2030. SDG Indicators - Sustainable Development Goal Indicators. The five "outcome targets" are: ending hunger and improving access to food; ending all forms of malnutrition; agricultural productivity; … SDG 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. The recently released Global Nutrition Report 2017 showed that 88% of countries face a serious burden of either two or three forms of malnutrition namely undernutrition, micronutrient deficiency or overweight/ obesity. Dataset for SDG 2 can be viewed here. This paper demonstrates how addressing obesity is vital to achieving several of the Sustainable Development Goals and targets, especially target 3.4 on reducing premature mortality from non-communicable diseases. Levels of food consumption in the world vary greatly at multiple geographical levels. NCDs and obesity are no longer a challenge only for high-income regions: most of the world’s population now live in countries where overweight/obesity is responsible for more deaths than underweight. Recent research by the UN notes that countries are not on schedule to achieve the SDGs. Source: Central Statistics Office, Ordnance Survey Ireland. Malnourished mothers are more likely to give birth to underweight babies, and underweight … The successors to the Millennium Development Goals – the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) – acknowledge and address the indivisibility of three aspects of development: social, economic and environmental development. The situation deteriorated significantly in sub-Saharan Africa, where the number of undernourished people increased from 195 million in 2014 to 237 million in 2017. Taking your health history. The promotion of healthy diets is central to halting and reversing the obesity epidemic. Stunting is also associated with poor cognitive development, which can have a negative impact on a country’s long-term progress. It is maintained by the United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), a division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA). Yet, as critics have long emphasised, there are vast differen ces between individual consumers. NewsBLOG | Obesity and the SDGs: an opportunity hidden in plain sight. This feature layer represents Sustainable Development Goal indicator 2.2.2 'Obesity Rate as a Percentage of the Population by Region and BMI' for Ireland, 2015, at NUTS 3 level. The same occurred in some countries in East and Southern Africa in the first months of 2019. Investment in the agriculture sector is critical for reducing hunger and poverty, improving food security, creating employment and building resilience to disasters and shocks. Obesity is implied by ‘all forms of malnutrition’ in target 2.2: Obesity is not restricted to high-income environments: the ‘double burden of malnutrition’ is well documented in many lower-income settings, where undernutrition and micronutrient deficiency coexist with overnutrition within the same families. Despite earlier extended progress, the number of people suffering from hunger has been on the rise since 2014. The Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) number 2 aims to end malnutrition in all its forms. So, given this apparent omission, are there opportunities to leverage sustainable development to take action on obesity? Finally, in ensuring that no one is left behind on the road towards zero hunger, the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition must be broken. Although the EU has largely overcome problems of hunger, new challenges related to nutrition are emerging, such as rising obesity. Obesity is an exemplar of such an issue, the result of a dynamic system that fosters an increasingly obesogenic environment. In 2018 and the first months of 2019, production shortfalls, currency depreciations and insecurity triggered high food prices in several countries in Africa. Socioeconomic differences are linked to obesity status, as noted in the section on financial resources, above. The report of the Commission, which included the global indicator framework, was then taken note of by ECOSOC at its 70th session in June 2016. An estimated 26.4 per cent of the world population, about 2 billion persons, were affected by moderate or severe food insecurity in 2018, an increase from 23.2 per cent in 2014, owing mainly to increases in food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America. Children who are overweight or obese are at higher risk of early-onset obesity-related health and psychological complications. At the same time, the prevalence of obesity in young children is increasing in parts of the region, although there is insufficient data to give a complete picture. Health should be part of core curriculums and also, as the ECHO report on child obesity makes clear, health promotion should be intrinsic to the environment of schools themselves. Please use this information to identify all the relevant SDG indicators that you feel this research supports. 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