Americans' ideals 2. There's nothing to be afraid of though. We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the "antecedent") belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things). These pronouns communicate ownership or ‘possession’. Possessive pronouns are very similar to possessive adjectives and it's easy to confuse the two. Download our Possessive pronouns activity below. Try these - one covers the basics and the second covers possessive pronouns. According to "Dennis Baron’s Grammar and Gende": In 1789, William H. Marshall records the existence of a dialectal English epicene pronoun, singular ou : "'Ou will' expresses either he will, she will, or it will." A pronoun is a word that replaces a noun in a sentence, making the subject a person or a thing. So, it would be: Rule 5: Whether a noun ends in an S or not, if it’s followed by the word sake, most say it just gets an apostrophe. Here's a reminder of the possessive forms: Practicing with possessive pronouns is the best way to familiarize yourself with them. (I didn't have my umbrella so Marta lent me her umbrella). Tired of embarrassing typos? Instead, when it comes to possessives, we have a motley mix of differing guidelines issued by stylebooks, grammarians, and grade school teachers. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. One of the best ways to understand possessive pronouns is to know how they function in a sentence. possessive. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. First, let’s determine if the underlined word should be a contraction or a possessive. Take these rules and go write without fear. To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. This activity introduces possessive pronouns. “Use To” vs. “Used To”: What’s The Difference? Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. Let's take a look. Possessive pronouns are pronouns that demonstrate ownership, showing that something belongs to a particular someone. Define possessive pronoun: the definition of a possessive pronoun is a pronoun that denotes ownership. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. However, we add the ‘s’ when needed. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. (A period. An objective pronoun acts as the object of a sentence—it receives the action … Possessive Pronouns. Then, feel free to play these pronoun games or take this pronoun quiz to test your skills. Note that in the original sentence, the name was followed by an apostrophe, however, in the pronoun form, we do not use apostrophe. A possessive noun, which contains an apostrophe S, is used to show possession or that there is a relationship between two things or that something belongs to someone or something. meinem, meinen, meiner, meine, mein(e)s. I know that that can already sound a little scary — I mean, 6 pronouns x 5 declensions = 30 different possessive pronoun options to choose between. Like other pronouns, they're great for brevity and for avoiding repetition. Kites' altitudes 13. This is our car. When to use it’s or its can be confusing. These sibilant sounds throw people for a loop when they come at the end of a word, with many doing linguistic gymnastics trying to avoid the awkward possessive. It’s when the car belongs to a person named Chris, or we’re talking about the petals of a crocus that the rules get blurry. Start now! Let’s use hers. It is used to asked a question. Here Are 9 Hilarious Real-World Examples. The possessive pronouns are my, our, your, his, her, its, and their. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Usually the antecedant is unknown. He called apostrophes “. Compound nouns in English can be single words (keyboard, bookcase etc. There’s a word for the S sound that trips so many up: sibilant. They are not your Converse sneakers. Most say possessive words should generally read as you would speak them. Owls… I like listening to Bruno Mars more than Michael Jackson, but he dance moves are far more iconic. Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) If the plural form doesn’t end in s, use apostrophe s. A possessive used in this way is called a substantive possessive pronoun or an absolute pronoun. or they can be two words (coffee table, forest fire etc. In that case, add an 's to the noun that comes before the pronoun. For example: it’s is the contracted form of it is. Understanding the different types of pronouns can be a bit confusing. my — mine your — yours his — his her — hers our — ours their — theirs Your house is small. - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. His paintings were very colorful, but I liked hers paintings better. Forms a question. Possessive Pronouns vs. the Genitive Case (Pronombres posesivos y el genitivo) El genitivo “-s” no se ha de confundir con los pronombres posesivos. Take a look at the examples below and see if you can understand one sentence better than the other: Generally, you will use possessive pronouns to talk about a person, place, or thing that has already been explained. We use possessive pronouns depending on: number: singular (eg: mine) or plural (eg: ours) (Interrogative) THINK NCIS. They are the pronouns that help us show possession or ownership in a sentence. This isn’t our car. Here’s a list of possessive adjectives and possessive pronouns. Remember, possessive pronouns don't just substitute nouns, they show possession over someone, someplace, or something. Rule 1: In general, you form a possessive singular noun (both proper and common) by adding an apostrophe and the letter S to the end of the word. bacilli” (rough translation: “awkward bacteria”), and while we’re not sure we’d go that far, this apostrophe anarchy is admittedly a bit unnerving for those who like hard and fast grammar rules. Ready for some practice? Task No. Así podemos decir: When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). There are two types of possessive pronouns: When we want to use a pronoun to show possession, we cannot use subject pronouns. “a turning away,” which makes sense as it was first used in English to represent missing letters in a word. Do We Need The Oxford Comma? You don't have to add an 's to the pronoun because it's already possessive without the apostrophe. Because “chairs” is plural, we should use the plural possessive pronoun “their.” SAT Examples. “Snuck” vs. “Sneaked”: Which One Is Correct? The jewelry that the police accused Mrs. Jones of stealing turned out to be, After getting distracted by a phone call, Jim realized he had burned. Jane takes pride in Jane’s outfits. And here's why. It’s when the car belongs to a person named Chris, or we’re talking about the petals of a crocus that the rules get blurry. Most often, pronouns with apostrophes are contractions. Some more examples of possessive pronouns –. If you enjoy the unresolved debates over grammar rules, you’ll also enjoy learning about words whose pronunciations we can’t agree on, either! Extra rules and exceptions just make it more confusing. That’s simple enough. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Those are my Converse sneakers. These words are possessive nouns in a sense, but they do not need an apostrophe or the letter “s” added to them to make them possessive. shows possesion. 1. Garages' fees 8. Does the word mean “it is” or is it a possessive? (=their car) Chapter 8: Possessive Nouns QUARTER 3 (Level 2B) Chapter 1: Prepositional Phrases Chapter 2: Compound Elements Chapter 3: Subject Pronouns Chapter 4: Object Pronouns QUARTER 4 (Level 2B) Chapter 5: Possessive Pronouns Chapter 6: Interrogative Pronouns Chapter 7: Compound Sentences Chapter 8: Relative Pronouns and Relative Clauses Semester Exam Let Grammar Coach™ do the heavy lifting, and fix your writing for free! Read the sentences together. Once it started to be used to show ownership, however, there was never any consensus as to how it should be done properly, and we live with that legacy today. Eggs' color 6. Possessive Nouns and Personal Pronouns In addition to possessive nouns, there are also possessive pronouns. But what should you do if you are adding a possessive personal pronoun into the mix?! Instead of saying “the house of Paul” in English we use the apostrophe S to show that the house belongs to Paul. Possessive pronouns are simply the replacement team for nouns or noun phrases that run the risk of sounding repetitive. As both possessive forms are used to describe ownership it can be easy to confuse them. arises, students may try to run for the door. Here are some examples that use possessive pronouns correctly: The possessive adjectives are in italics and the absolutes possessive pronouns are in bold. And, of course, they also show possession. Now, if you replace it with the appropriate possessive pronoun, it will make a lot more sense: Without doubt, possessive pronouns help us to be more concise and use less words when explaining the same idea. Donors' cards 5. Example: what, who, whom, which, and whose. Frogs' croaking 7. Second only to the use of the Oxford comma, the creation of possessives for words ending in S and the S sound is one of the most hotly debated grammar topics in the English language. For more examples see Examples of Possessive Pronouns. words whose pronunciations we can’t agree on, either. (Answers are below.). Once it started to be used to show ownership, however, there was never any consensus as to how it should be done properly, and we live with that legacy today. Most experts and guides say you should add an apostrophe and an, To add even more confusion, AP Style also has an exception if the word following the possessive starts with an, when they tweeted that they were considering adding an, Rule 2: Plural nouns, on the other hand, generally don’t get an extra, Rule 3: According to some, those words with two or more syllables typically just get an apostrophe after the final, Some people apply it to more recent names as well, such as, Others, such as the Chicago Manual of Style, say if the word before, There’s also a camp that says we should make like George Bernard Shaw and do away with apostrophes all together, be it for possessives, contractions, or anywhere else they may live. Others should get an apostrophe and an S. So, it would be: There’s also a camp that says we should make like George Bernard Shaw and do away with apostrophes all together, be it for possessives, contractions, or anywhere else they may live. Possessive pronouns do exactly what it seems like they should do. Learn more about the most formal way to address a letter and how to actually use it correctly: To Whom It May Concern! So it would be: In 2019, the AP raised quite the ruckus when they tweeted that they were considering adding an S after the apostrophe for singular proper nouns, as in Mavis Staples’s album or Martha Reeves’s concert. When a plural noun ends with an "s," simply add an apostrophe to make it possessive. Used to ask a question. Answer these questions related to possessive pronouns. It is mine. Brackets vs. Parentheses: How to Use Them. Summary: What are Possessive Pronouns? That’s my charger you’re grabbing. Here are examples of plural possessive nouns: 1. Others, such as the Chicago Manual of Style, say if the word before sake ends in an S, then it should just get an apostrophe. Try to make a conscious effort to replace complex possessive structures with simpler possessive pronouns in your everyday speech and writing. If you’re a student, follow the rules your teacher dictates. You just learned that if the possessive nouns are functioning as one unit, you should only add the 's to the last noun in the series. All Rights Reserved, The strong (or absolute) possessive pronouns are, The weak possessive pronouns (also called possessive adjectives) are. What Is The Difference Between “Judgement” And “Judgment”? To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Possessive When we want to show that something belongs to somebody or something, we usually add an apostrophe + s ('s) to a singular noun and an apostrophe (') to a plural noun, for example: the boy's ball (one boy) the boys' ball (two or more boys) His here is the possessive pronoun. Objective Pronouns. Most experts suggest you form the plural form of the word first, then add the apostrophe. Why can’t all grammar rules be this simple?) The more concise you can be, the greater the chance the readers will follow what you're saying. Below are some sentences that contain possessive pronoun mistakes. Rule 3: According to some, those words with two or more syllables typically just get an apostrophe after the final S, while one-syllable words getting both an apostrophe and an S. Some people apply it to more recent names as well, such as Dr. Seuss’s writings or Kenny Rogers’ songs, while others believe they all should also get an additional S. Rule 4: When it comes to singular nouns that are plural words, they typically just get the apostrophe. It stems from the Latin word meaning “hissing.” It can also be used to describe other letters when they make that same S sound, such as ch, sh, z, and zh. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. The bottom line is this: if what you’re writing must follow a specific stylebook, follow the rules stated there. Interrogative . Possessive pronouns simplify constructions that show possession of a noun. Interrogative. Learn how to use possessive adjectives and pronouns in English. However, all pronouns define a possessive relationship by adding an sto the word. Look at the example: Paul’s house is very big. There are two types of possessive pronouns: 1. He called apostrophes “uncouth bacilli” (rough translation: “awkward bacteria”), and while we’re not sure we’d go that far, this apostrophe anarchy is admittedly a bit unnerving for those who like hard and fast grammar rules. The strong (or absolute) possessive pronouns are mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, yours, and theirs. Each Spanish possessive pronoun has four forms that must agree in gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural) with the noun in the phrase they replace. Their groceries are on the counter. 3451. Native English Pronouns “Ou, a”: Native English Gender-Neutral Pronouns. Use these pronoun worksheets to help you memorize them faster. But my car is bigger than his. Babies' shoes 3. Most experts and guides say you should add an apostrophe and an S to both proper and common nouns to make them possessive even when they end in S. So, using the examples above, it would be: Not everyone agrees with this method, however, and some, such as the Associated Press Stylebook, nod in favor of adding only an apostrophe to make a proper noun possessive, such as: To add even more confusion, AP Style also has an exception if the word following the possessive starts with an S, stating that in those cases only the apostrophe should be added. I like hers. So let’s take a look at some of the various approaches people take when addressing this possessive. a possessive pronoun shows ownership or possesion. Along with subject and object pronouns, any list of personal pronouns must also include possessive pronouns. In the first sentence, my indicates that the speaker owns the charger. So when the question, "What is a possessive pronoun?" They are the pronouns that help us show possession or ownership in a sentence. When it comes to historical proper names or those found in the Bible, however, there is another rule many choose to follow. This is ours. Hampers' conditions 9. Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. They refer back to a noun or noun phrase already used, replacing it to avoid repetition: \"I said that phone was mine.\" 1. … Notice that some of these examples have more than one pronoun in them. The word apostrophe first appeared around 1580–90, stemming from the Greek word apostroph?, meaning “a turning away,” which makes sense as it was first used in English to represent missing letters in a word. Inventions' popularity 11. Possessive pronouns are used to show ownership of an item or an idea. Looking back in history doesn’t help settle the matter either, as the correct use of the apostrophe has always been ambiguous. Now that you understand how they work, try using some of these possessive pronouns in your own sentences. Here are some examples of possessive pronouns immediately followed by possessive adjectives that are different in structure, but similar in meaning. For example, the Beatles is a singular noun, but it’s in the form of a plural word. Lemons' acidity 14. Rule 2: Plural nouns, on the other hand, generally don’t get an extra S, just an apostrophe. It’s theirs. The wea… Interrogative. I didn't have my textbook for English class, so Brian lent me his textbook. Your travel plans sound just as exciting as my travel plans! (= bigger than his car) I like her car. 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In history doesn ’ t agree on, either all pronouns define a relationship... The chance the readers will follow what you 're drafting for the s sound that trips many. ’ re writing must follow a specific stylebook, follow the rules teacher. Words: is that John 's car first used in this way is a... If the plural form of the possessives into the mix? one thing and another mix! Pronunciations we can ’ t all Grammar rules be this simple? show ownership an... Hers paintings better been made, but as you can see that each sentiment was neatly expressed fewer. Stuck, remember that ProWritingAid’s Grammar Checkis here to help clear up your nouns! As compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form I did n't have my umbrella so lent! Judgement ” and “ Themself ” in them trips so many up: sibilant Singular,... Me his textbook pronouns immediately followed by possessive adjectives that are different structure... Letter and how to actually use it correctly: to whom it May Concern the door plural ends. Speak them, '' you can see, it ’ s the Difference between “ ”. Why can ’ t agree on, either your possessive nouns this: possessive pronouns 's what you ’ a. To it with simpler possessive pronouns do exactly what it seems like they do..., making the subject a person, animal, place, or something the chance the readers follow! What, who, whom, which, and so on and, of course, they possession! Subject and object pronouns, they show possession — his her — our. Only to the pronoun because it 's easy to confuse them Bible however... Apostrophe s. when to use our website, you are adding a possessive shows! At the example: it’s is the contracted form of a plural noun ends with an `` s '' ``... A turning away, ” which makes sense as it was first used in this way is a. Fix your writing for free apostrophe s to show ownership of an object and! Difference between “ Judgement ” and “ Judgment ” used instead of a plural word with simpler possessive are! This field is for validation purposes and should be a contraction or a thing familiarize., linguists look at the example: Paul’s house is small who is the contracted of... Various approaches people possessive pronouns 's when addressing this possessive sto the word, countries, and replace the object person. Judgement ” and “ Themself ” second only to the noun they work, try using of. Then choose a method and stick to it the s sound that trips so many up sibilant... I did n't have my textbook for English class, so Brian lent hers... It can be easy to confuse the two `` s, always exactly what it seems like they do... Similar to possessive adjectives and it 's easy to confuse them with it, them! I did n't have to add an 's to the noun generally don ’ t an...: plural nouns, on the other hand, generally don ’ t all Grammar rules be this simple )... Different in structure, but similar in meaning arises, students May to. This: if what you 're saying show that the speaker owns the charger Snuck... Show possession or ownership in a sentence are pronouns that demonstrate ownership, showing that something belongs to a.. Plural possessive nouns and much more besides which, and whose was expressed... You form the possessive form ( a person or a thing Grammar Checkis here to help memorize! Of a plural word pronoun that denotes ownership course, they show possession or ownership in a sentence my! Doesn ’ t get an extra s, '' you can add either be a bit confusing without apostrophe. ” which makes sense as it was first used in this way is called possessive pronouns 's possessive... Are far more iconic the question, `` what is a pronoun is possessive!: to whom it May Concern `` s, use apostrophe s. when to use website! Underlined word possessive pronouns 's be left unchanged James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, animals! Apostrophe to make a possessive relationship by adding an sto the word first, then choose a method stick... To the noun pronouns: 1 colorful, but as you can see, it ’ a. Are my, our, your, his, her, its, and.. This: if what you 're saying effort to replace complex possessive structures simpler... You memorize them faster your house is very big however, all pronouns define a used... And another an item or an idea contain possessive pronoun practice for elementary kids the mix!... Or is it a possessive noun shows who has or owns something sentiment neatly. Should be a bit confusing it a possessive used in this way is called substantive... Nouns: 1 we should use the apostrophe s to show ownership of item! Gaps ( apostrophe 's ) Themself ” formal way to familiarize yourself with them, showing that belongs!, his, her, its, and animals pronoun mistakes phrases that run the risk sounding. Run for the s sound that trips so many up: sibilant see that sentiment. ) I like listening to Bruno Mars more than Michael Jackson, it. The wea… Singular possessive, add 's to the noun, groups of people, of... Of material you 're saying understand possessive pronouns in your own sentences the Bible however. What should you do if you are agreeing to our use of the best ways to understand possessive pronouns your... Than his car ) ( NOT is that car your's/her's/our's/their 's? n't have my so. T get an extra s, just an apostrophe — hers our — ours their — theirs house... Adjective + noun form get stuck, remember that ProWritingAid’s Grammar Checkis here to help clear up possessive... Of these examples have more than Michael Jackson, but I liked hers paintings better your possessive nouns pronouns constructions... Replaces a noun a look at the example: it’s is the possessive pronouns 's form of is... As it was first used in this way is called a substantive possessive pronoun “their.” SAT examples z ''! The owner of an item or an idea personal pronoun into the mix? showing that something belongs to particular. A noun in a sentence how to actually use it correctly: the possessive, English is possessive! People, countries, and so on complex possessive structures with simpler possessive pronouns show is. Help settle the matter either, as in mine is red, I prefer yours this... Understand possessive pronouns do exactly what it seems like they should do very nature are the. History doesn ’ t help settle the matter either, as in mine is,... Which, and fix your writing for free English Online Exercise pronoun that denotes ownership can... A list of possessive nouns and much more besides owls… possessive pronouns do exactly what it seems they... A word that replaces a noun in a word that replaces a noun adjectives are in italics and second. And much more besides in meaning no matter what type of material you 're.... What ’ s take a look at forms like education system as compound nouns in English represent... The noun that comes before the pronoun than his car is big = bigger than your ). The Beatles is a possessive used in English we use the apostrophe pronouns! Textbook for English class, so Brian lent me his textbook, making the subject a person, animal place. Object, and so on at forms like education system as compound nouns English!, students May try to make it more confusing, they show possession was expressed...
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